IRS Announces 2018 Pension Plan Limitations | Tax Lawyer Update

On October 27, 2017, the IRS announced the cost of living adjustments affecting 2018 Pension Plan limitations.

2018 Pension Plan Limitations: Summary of Main Changes

1. The first main change in 2018 Pension Plan Limitations affects all employees who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans, and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan. In 2018, employees can contribute up to $18,500 into these plans. This amount represents a $500 increase from the 2017 contribution limitation of $18,000.

2. The second major change in 2018 Pension Plan Limitations is the modification of income ranges concerning eligibility to make deductible contributions to traditional IRAs. Here are the new 2018 phase-out ranges:

Single Taxpayers (covered by a workplace retirement plan): $63,000 to $73,000 (up from the 2017 range of $62,000 to $72,000);
Married Filing Jointly (covered by a workplace retirement plan): $101,000 to $121,000 (up from the 2017 range of $99,000 to $119,000).
Taxpayer not covered by a workplace retirement plan, but who is married to someone who is covered: $189,000 and $199,000 (up from the 2017 range of $186,000 and $196,000).

No changes for a married individual filing a separate return, but who is covered by a workplace retirement plan. The phase-out range is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $0 to $10,000.

3. The third change in 2018 Pension Plan Limitations affects the modification of income ranges concerning eligibility to make contributions to Roth IRA. Here are the new 2018 phase-out ranges:

Single and Head of Household Taxpayers: $120,000 to $135,000 (up from the 2017 range of $118,000 to $133,000);
Married Couples Filing Jointly: $189,000 to $199,000 (up from the 2017 range of $186,000 to $196,000).

No change in the phase-out range for a married individual filing a separate return who makes contributions to a Roth IRA. Such contributions are not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remain at the range of $0 to $10,000.

4. The fourth change in 2018 Pension Plan Limitations affects the modification of income range concerning eligibility for the Retirement Savings Contributions Credit. In 2018, the income limits will be:

Married Couple Filing Jointly: $63,000 (up from $62,000 in 2017);
Heads of Household: $47,250 (up from $46,500 in 2017);
Singles and Married Individuals Filing Separately: $31,500 (up from $31,000 in 2017).

2018 Pension Plan Limitations: Summary of Main Unchanged Limitations from 2017

1. IRA Annual Contribution Limit: remains unchanged at $5,500.

2. IRA additional catch-up contribution for individuals aged 50 and over: remains at $1,004.40 (not subject to annual cost-of-living adjustment).

3. 401(k), 403(b) and most 457 plans and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan catch up contribution limit for employees aged 50 and over: remains unchanged at $6,000.

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