2021 Form 3520-A Deadline in 2022 | Foreign Trust Tax Lawyer & Attorney

Form 3520-A is a very important US international information return. It can be very complex and has somewhat tricky filing requirements as well as significant noncompliance penalties. In order to avoid these penalties, you need to file a correct Form 3520-A timely. In this essay, I will discuss the 2021 Form 3520-A deadline in the calendar year 2022.

2021 Form 3520-A Deadline: Purpose of Form 3520-A

Form 3520-A occupies an important role in US international tax law. Its primary purpose is to supply certain information about a foreign trust with at least one US person who is treated as an owner of the foreign trust under the grantor trust rules found in the IRC (Internal Revenue Code) §§671-679.

Through Form 3520-A, the IRS collects not only the data about the foreign trust and its US beneficiaries, but also the information concerning interactions between the foreign trust and its US owners. Moreover, Form 3520-A indicates the amount of income a US owner must recognize on his US tax returns (irrespective of whether this income was distributed to the owner).

2021 Form 3520-A Deadline: Who Must File

As I mentioned above, the question of “who must file” Form 3520-A is quite tricky. Generally, a foreign trust with a US owner has responsibility to file Form 3520-A in order for the US owner to satisfy his annual information reporting requirements under IRC §6048(b). Hence, while a foreign trust officially must file Form 3520-A, in reality, it is the responsibility of each US person treated as an owner of any portion of a foreign trust to ensure that the trust files Form 3520-A and furnishes the required annual statements to its US owners and US beneficiaries.

What if the foreign trust fails to file the required Form 3520-A? Then, the US owner must complete a substitute Form 3520-A for the foreign trust and attach this substitute Form 3520-A to the US owner’s Form 3520.

2021 Form 3520-A Deadline: Penalties for Late Filing

If the foreign trust fails to file Form 3520-A timely and its US owner fails to submit a substitute Form 3520-A timely, then the US owner (I emphasize: not the foreign trust, but its US owner) will be subject to heavy Form 3520-A penalties.

The main penalty in this case would be $10,000 or 5% of the gross value of the foreign trust, whichever is higher. The “gross value” here means the portion of the foreign trust’s assets at the end of year treated as owned by US persons.

Additional penalties may apply if noncompliance lasts more than 90 days after the IRS mails a “failure to comply” notice. The US owner also may be subject to the underpayment penalties for failure to report income indicated on Form 3520-A. Finally, criminal penalties may be imposed under IRC §§7203, 7206 and 7207 for failure to file on time and for filing a false or fraudulent return.

2021 Form 3520-A Deadline: Where to File

The foreign trust needs to file Form 3520-A (including the statements on pages 3 and 5) at the following address:

Internal Revenue Service Center
P.O. Box 409101
Ogden, UT 84409

I recommend mailing Form 3520-A by US Certified Mail. I want to emphasize for the US readers who are mailing their returns – do NOT attach Form 3520-A to your US tax return. It must be mailed separately from your US income tax return to the address I indicated above.

2021 Form 3520-A Deadline: When to File

The deadline for Form 3520-A can also be tricky. Generally, the due date for Form 3520-A is the 15th of the third month after the end of the trust’s tax year.

However, if you are filing a substitute Form 3520-A with your Form 3520, then your substitute Form 3520-A is due by the due date of Form 3520. The trust must also supply the Foreign Grantor Trust Owner Statement and Foreign Grantor Trust Beneficiary Statement to its US owners and US beneficiaries by the 15th of the third month after the end of the trust’s tax year, unless an extension is filed.

The foreign trust may file Form 7004 to request an automatic six-month Form 3520-A filing extension (it also applies to the aforementioned Statements). Note that filing Form 7004 is the only way to request this six-month extension. A common procedural tax trap is for people to file an income tax return extension (Form 4868) and think that this would apply to Form 3520-A. This is incorrect – you must separately file Form 7004 to get an extension on your Form 3520-A.

Thus, the current outstanding 2021 Form 3520-A deadline for a calendar-year filer is March 15, 2022. If Form 7004 is filed, then the extended 2021 Form 3520-A deadline for this filer would be September 15, 2022.

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Professional Help With Your 2021 Form 3520-A Deadline

If you are required to file Form 3520-A or if you have not complied with your Form 3520-A reporting requirements in the past, you need to contact Sherayzen Law Office for professional help! Sherayzen Law Office is an international tax law firm that specializes in offshore voluntary disclosures (including the ones that involve Form 3520-A) and US international information returns compliance. We can help you!

Contact Us Today to Schedule Your Confidential Consultation!

Austin Streamlined Disclosure Lawyer | International Tax Attorney

Austin is a fast-growing city which attracts a large number of immigrants with assets in foreign countries. These assets may also generate foreign income which their owners must disclose on their US tax returns. Unfortunately many of these new residents of Austin have not correctly reported their foreign assets and foreign income to the IRS. Once they realize it, they have to grapple with a fact that their noncompliance may have exposed them to large IRS penalties. Since the majority of these persons are non-willful in their prior noncompliance, they naturally seek help from an Austin streamlined disclosure lawyer to participate in Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedures (SDOP) or Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures (SFOP), but they do not fully know what the term “Austin streamlined disclosure lawyer” truly means.

In this essay, I will explore the definition of an Austin streamlined disclosure lawyer and explain why out-of-state lawyers and law firms, such as Sherayzen Law Office, should be included in the definition of this term.

Austin Streamlined Disclosure Lawyer: International Tax Attorney

From the outset, It is important to understand that all voluntary disclosures, including the Streamlined options, form part of US international tax law, because these options deal with US international tax compliance concerning foreign assets and foreign income. The knowledge that SDOP and SFOP are part of US international tax law makes you better understand what kind of a lawyer you are looking for when you search for a Austin streamlined disclosure lawyer. In reality, when you are seeking help with the SDOP and SFOP filings, you are searching for an international tax attorney.

Austin Streamlined Disclosure Lawyer: Specialty in Offshore Voluntary Disclosures

As I stated above, SDOP and SFOP form part of a very specific sub-area of offshore voluntary disclosures. This means that not every international tax attorney would be able to conduct the necessary legal analysis required to successfully complete an offshore voluntary disclosure, including Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedures and Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures. Only a lawyer who has developed expertise in a very narrow sub-field of offshore voluntary disclosures within US international tax law will be fit for this job.

This means that you are looking for an international tax attorney who specializes in offshore voluntary disclosure and who is familiar with the various offshore voluntary disclosure options. Offshore voluntary disclosure options include: SDOP (Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedures), SFOP (Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures), DFSP (Delinquent FBAR Submission Procedures), DIIRSP (Delinquent International Information Return Submission Procedures), IRS VDP (IRS Voluntary Disclosure Practice) and Reasonable Cause disclosures. Each of these options has it pros and cons, which may have tremendous legal and tax (and, in certain cases, even immigration) implications for your case.

Austin Streamlined Disclosure Lawyer: Geographical Location Does Not Matter

While the expertise and experience in offshore voluntary disclosures are highly important in choosing your international tax lawyer, the geographical location (i.e. the city where the lawyer lives and works) does not matter. I already hinted at why this is the case above: offshore voluntary disclosure options were all created by the IRS and form part of US international (i.e. federal) law. In other words, the local law has no relation whatsoever to the SDOP and SFOP.

This means that you are not limited to Austin when you are looking for a lawyer who can help you with your streamlined disclosure. Any international tax lawyer who specializes in this field may be able to help you, irrespective of whether this lawyer resides in Austin or Minnesota.

Moreover, the development of modern means of communications has pretty much eliminated any communication advantages that a lawyer in Austin might have had in the past over the out-of-state lawyers. This is especially true in our today’s world where the pandemic greatly reduced the number of face-to-face meetings.

Sherayzen Law Office May Be Your Austin Streamlined Disclosure Lawyer

Sherayzen Law Office, Ltd. is a highly-experienced international tax law firm that specializes in all types of offshore voluntary disclosures, including SDOP, SFOP, DFSP, DIIRSP, VDP and Reasonable Cause disclosures. Our professional tax team, led by attorney Eugene Sherayzen, has successfully helped our US clients around the globe, including in Austin, with the preparation and filing of their Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedures disclosure. We can help you!

Contact Us Today to Schedule Your Confidential Consultation!

2021 Form 5471 Deadline in 2022 | Foreign Business Tax Lawyer & Attorney

IRS Form 5471 is one of the most important US international information returns. In this brief essay, I will discuss the tax year 2021 Form 5471 deadline in the calendar year 2022.

2021 Form 5471 Deadline: What is Form 5471

Form 5471 is a US international information return. In general, the IRS uses Form 5471 to collect information about certain US persons who are officers, directors, or shareholders in certain foreign corporations. These US persons, in turn, use Form 5471 to satisfy the reporting requirements of the IRC (Internal Revenue Code) §§965, 6038 and 6046 as well as related regulations. In other words, US taxpayers utilize Form 5471 to comply with their reporting obligations concerning their ownership of and transactions with a foreign corporation.

Form 5471, however, is more than just an international information return. It also contains the relevant schedules related to income recognition by US owners of foreign corporations through the operation of anti-deferral tax regimes such as Subpart F rules, 965 tax and GILTI tax.

2021 Form 5471 Deadline: Who Must File It

Determining whether you are required to file a Form 5471 and which schedules you must attach to it may also be very complicated. As a result of the 2017 tax reform, Form 5471 now sports a total of five categories of required filers; two of these categories contain three sub-categories. In other words, the instructions to Form 5471 describe now a total of nine categories of filers!

Once you determine that you fall into one of these categories, you must carefully determine which schedules, statements and attachments you must complete in order to fully comply with your Form 5471 obligations.

I should also note that a separate Form 5471 is required for each applicable foreign corporation. This is the case even if one foreign corporation owns the other; there is no consolidated group filing under Form 5471.

2021 Form 5471 Deadline: Complexity

Form 5471 is incredibly complex. It forces its filers to convert foreign financial statements to US GAAP. It further requires reporting of an astounding range of transactions between a foreign corporation and its US owners as well as the affiliates of US owners. Finally, as it was already mentioned above, US taxpayers use Form 5471 schedules to calculate the income that they must recognize under the various anti-deferral tax regimes.

Thus, completing a Form 5471 may require a significant effort and a lot of time. This is why you need plan well ahead to make sure that you file your Form 5471 timely.

2021 Form 5471 Deadline: Penalties

A failure to timely file an accurate Form 5471 may result in imposition of large IRS penalties. Moreover, since Form 5471 is used to satisfy a variety of tax obligations, different penalties may be imposed under different IRC sections.

For example, a failure to file Form 5471 Schedule M may result in the imposition of a $10,000 penalty pursuant to §6038(a). A failure to file Form 5471 Schedule O is a violation of §6046 and the IRS may assess a separate section 6046 is subject to a $10,000 penalty for each reportable transaction.

2021 Form 5471 Deadline: When to File and Where

All filers (unless they fall under an exception) must attach their Forms 5471 to their income tax returns (if applicable, a partnership return or tax exempt organization return). Both, the income tax return and Form 5471 must be filed by the due date, including extensions, for that return.

In other words, if you are an individual filing Form 1040, your 2021 Form 5471 deadline is April 18, 2022. If you file an extension, the deadline will shift to October 17, 2022.

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Professional Help With Your 2021 Form 5471 Deadline

If you are required to file a Form 5471 for the tax year 2021, contact Sherayzen Law Office for professional help. We have successfully helped US taxpayers around the world with their Form 5471 compliance, and we can help you!

Contact Us Today to Schedule Your Confidential Consultation!

2021 Form 3520 Deadline in 2022 | Foreign Trust Tax Lawyer & Attorney

The beginning of a new tax season starts the clock on completing the required US international information returns, including Form 3520. In this brief essay, I will discuss the tax year 2021 Form 3520 deadline.

2021 Form 3520 Deadline: What is Form 3520

IRS Form 3520 is a US international information return used by the IRS to collect information related to foreign trusts, foreign gifts and foreign inheritance. In essence, Form 3520 collects four types of data from US taxpayers:

  • Certain transactions with foreign trusts;
  • Ownership of foreign trusts under the rules of sections 671 through 679;
  • Receipt of certain large gifts from foreign persons; and
  • Bequests from foreign persons.

It is very important that you file Form 3520 timely, because late filing Form 3520 penalties can be very high. For example, a failure to timely disclose a reportable foreign gift on Form 3520 may result in a penalty as high as 25% of the value of the gift. Initial Form 3520 penalty for a failure to report a property transferred by a US transferor to a foreign trust may be as high as 35% of the gross value of the property.

2021 Form 3520 Deadline: Where to File

Form 3520 reporting is complicated by the fact that this form is not filed with a US tax return. Rather, for the tax year 2021, a Form 3520 with all required attachments should be mailed to the following address:

Internal Revenue Service Center
P.O. Box 409101
Ogden, UT 84409

My recommendation is to mail your 2021 Form 3520 by US Certified Mail.

2021 Form 3520 Deadline: When to File

Generally, 2021 Form 3520 deadline will correspond to your US income tax return deadline. In other words, a US person must file his Form 3520 by and including the 15th day of the 4th month following the end of such person’s tax year for US income tax purposes. Same rule applies to Forms 3520 filed by an estate and on behalf of a US decedent. If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, file by the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

For individual taxpayers who reside in the United States, this usually means April 15. However, due to the fact that April 15 is a legal holiday this year, your 2021 Form 3520 will be due on April 18, 2022.

Moreover, if you are a US citizen or resident and (a) you live outside of the United States and Puerto Rico and your place of business or post of duty is outside the United States and Puerto Rico, OR (b) you are in the military or naval service on duty outside of the United States and Puerto Rico, then your tax deadline will shift to the 15th day of the 6th month (i.e. June 15). In other words, if you satisfy either (a) or (b) above and you are either a US citizen or US resident, then your 2021 Form 3520 will be due on June 15, 2022. You must include a statement with your 2021 Form 3520 showing that you are a U.S. citizen or resident who meets one of these conditions listed above.

Finally, if a US person is granted an extension of time to file an income tax return, the due date for filing Form 3520 shifts to the15th day of the 10th month following the end of the US person’s tax year. In other words, if you are an individual who filed an extension on your US income tax return, then your 2021 Form 3520 will be due on October 17, 2022 (because October 15 falls on a Saturday this year).

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Professional Help With Your 2021 Form 3520 Deadline

If you are required to file a Form 3520 for the tax year 2021 (whether because you are an owner or a beneficiary of a foreign trust, you received a foreign gift or you received a foreign inheritance), contact Sherayzen Law Office for professional help. We have successfully helped US taxpayers around the world with their Form 3520 compliance, and we can help you!

Contact Us Today to Schedule Your Confidential Consultation!

2021 FBAR Deadline in 2022 | FinCEN Form 114 International Tax Lawyer & Attorney

The 2021 FBAR deadline is a critical deadline for US taxpayers this calendar year 2022. What makes FBAR so important are the draconian FBAR penalties which may be imposed on noncompliant taxpayers. Let’s discuss the 2021 FBAR deadline in more detail.

2021 FBAR Deadline: Background Information

The official name of FBAR is FinCEN Form 114, the Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts. US Persons must file FBAR if they have a financial interest in or signatory or any other authority over foreign financial accounts if the highest aggregate value of these accounts is in excess of $10,000. FBARs must be timely e-filed separately from federal tax returns.

Failure to file an FBAR may result in the imposition of heavy FBAR penalties. The FBAR penalties vary from criminal penalties and willful penalties to non-willful penalties. You can find more details about FBAR penalties in this article.

2021 FBAR Deadline: Pre-2016 FBAR Deadline

For the years preceding 2016, US persons needed to file FBARs by June 30 of each year. For example, the 2013 FBAR was due on June 30, 2014. No filing extensions were allowed.

The last FBAR that followed the June 30 deadline was the 2015 FBAR; its due date was June 30, 2016. Due to the six-year FBAR statute of limitations, however, it is important to remember this history for the purpose of offshore voluntary disclosures and IRS FBAR audits. The 2015 FBAR’s statute of limitations will expire only this year – on June 30, 2022.

2021 FBAR Deadline: Changes to FBAR Deadline Starting with the 2016 FBAR

For many years, the strange FBAR filing rules greatly confused US taxpayers. First of all, it was difficult to learn about the existence of the form. Second, many taxpayers simply missed the unusual FBAR filing deadline.

The US Congress took action in 2015 to alleviate this problem. As it usually happens, it did so when it passed a law that, on its surface, had nothing to do with FBARs. The Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015 (the “Act”) changed the FBAR deadline starting with 2016 FBAR. Section 2006(b)(11) of the Act requires the FBARs to be filed by the due date of that year’s tax return (i.e. usually April 15), not June 30.

Furthermore, during the transition period (which continues to this date), the IRS granted to US taxpayers an automatic extension of the FBAR filing deadline to October 15. Taxpayers do not need to make any specific requests in order for an extension to be granted.

Thus, starting with the 2016 FBAR, the Act adjusted the FBAR due date to coincide with the federal income tax filing deadlines. This is the case even if federal law requires a different filing date. For example, in situations where the tax return due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the IRS must delay the due date until the next business day; the FBAR deadline will follow suit and also shift to the next business day.

2021 FBAR Deadline

Based on the current law, the 2021 FBAR deadline will be April 18, 2022. However, it is automatically extended to October 17, 2022.

The 2021 FBAR must be e-filed through the US Financial Crimes Enforcement Network’s (FinCEN) BSA E-filing system.

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Professional Help With Your FBAR Compliance

If you have unreported foreign accounts, contact Sherayzen Law Office as soon as possible. Sherayzen Law Office is a leader in US international tax compliance and offshore voluntary disclosures. We have successfully helped hundreds of US taxpayers around the globe with their FBAR compliance and FBAR voluntary disclosures; and we can help you!

Contact Us Today to Schedule Your Confidential Consultation!