Foreign Tax Credit: General Overview

US tax residents and citizens are taxed based upon their worldwide income. This can often result in individuals being subject to double taxation. To provide relief from this problem, the Foreign Tax Credit (FTC) provisions were enacted. There are two types of FTC’s, the direct credit and the indirect credit.

Direct Foreign Tax Credit

In general, IRC Section 901 allows for direct credit for foreign taxes paid by US taxpayers. In general, taxpayers must have directly incurred the taxes paid in order to qualify for the credit. US income tax liability is reduced on a dollar-for-dollar basis under this credit.

Indirect Foreign Tax Credit

If a US corporation conducts operations through a foreign subsidiary, the direct FTC is not allowed for foreign taxes paid by the subsidiary. Instead, for US corporate taxpayers with 10% or more US shareholders that receive actual or constructive dividends from foreign corporation that have paid foreign income taxes, an indirect FTC may be taken. The indirect FTC is determined based upon a specified computation. US corporations that elect the FTC for deem- paid for foreign taxes must “gross up”, or add to income, any dividend income by the amount of deem-paid taxes under IRC Section 78.

Contact Sherayzen Law Office NOW for the FTC Legal Help

This article is intended to give a very brief summary of these issues, and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. Reporting foreign-earned income often necessitates an experienced understanding of complex regulations, IRC statutes, and case law, and IRS penalties for failure to comply can be substantial. If you have further questions regarding your own tax circumstances, Sherayzen Law Office offers professional advice for all of your cross-border, international, and other tax needs. Call now at (612) 790-7024 for a consultation today.