Form 5472 Penalties

In a previous article, we covered the basics of the IRS Form 5472. In this article we will explain the penalties that may apply for failure to comply with the form’s requirements.

Main Failure to File and Failure to Maintain Records Penalties

If a corporation fails to timely file the required Form 5472, a $10,000 penalty may be assessed. Furthermore, a reporting corporation that files a substantially incomplete Form 5472 will be deemed as having failed to file Form 5472, and penalties may apply.

An interesting twist in Form 5472 penalties is that, in addition to failure to file penalties, the IRS imposes substantial record-keeping penalties. A $10,000 penalty may be assessed for failure to maintain records, as required under IRS regulation Section 1.6038A-3. Under this regulation, “a reporting corporation must keep the permanent books of account or records… that are sufficient to establish the correctness of the federal income tax return of the corporation, including information, documents, or records (“records”) to the extent they may be relevant to determine the correct U.S. tax treatment of transactions with related parties.”

It is also important to note that, for the purposes of Form 5472 penalties, each member of a group of corporations filing a consolidated information return is treated as a separate reporting corporation, and each member is potentially subject to a separate $10,000 penalty, as well as being jointly and severally liable.

Additional Failure to File Penalties

If the IRS issues a failure to file notification, and the failure continues for more than 90 days after such notification, an additional penalty of $10,000 may apply. This penalty applies with respect to each related party for which a failure occurs for each 30-day period (or part of a 30-day period) during which the failure continues after the 90-day period end.

Criminal Penalties

Under IRC Sections 7203 (Willful failure to file return, supply information, or pay tax), 7206 (Fraud and False Statements), and 7207 (Fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents), criminal penalties may potentially apply for failure to submit necessary information, or for filing false or fraudulent information.

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Legal Help With Form 5472 Reporting Requirements

Complying with Form 5472 requirements and dealing with Form 5472 penalties usually requires professional review. Contact Sherayzen Law Office for tax assistance with Form 5472; our experienced international tax firm will determine whether you need to file Form 5472, explain how to comply with the form’s requirement, complete the form for you, and handle any necessary IRS negotiations.