IRS 2014 Final and Proposed Regulations Regarding Form 5472

In 2014, the IRS issued both final (T.D. 9667), and proposed (REG-114942-14) regulations amending the rules for filing Form 5472, (“Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U.S. Corporation or a Foreign Corporation Engaged in a U.S. Trade or Business”). Form 5472 is used to provide the information required under Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Sections 6038A and 6038C when reportable transactions occur during the taxable year of a reporting corporation with a foreign or domestic related party.

This article will briefly explain the final and proposed regulations affecting Form 5472; it is not intended to convey tax or legal advice. If you have questions regarding filing of Form 5472 or any international tax matters, please contact owner Eugene Sherayzen, an experienced tax attorney at Sherayzen Law Office, Ltd.

Form 5472 Final Regulation (T.D. 9667)

On June 10, 2011, under the above-mentioned IRC Sections, the IRS had previously published temporary regulations and a notice of proposed rulemaking by cross-reference to the temporary regulations in the Federal Register (76 FR 33997, TD 9529, 2011–30 IRB 57; REG–101352–11, 76 FR 34019) (2011 regulations), amending final regulations to provide that a duplicate filing of Form 5472 generally (previously required in Regulation Section 1.6038A-2(d)) would no longer be required, regardless of whether the filer files a paper or an electronic income tax return. This was determined because of advances in IRS electronic processing and data collections.

The 2014 final regulation, T.D. 9667, adopts the 2011 regulations without substantive change as final regulations, and removes the previous temporary regulations. The regulation became effective as of June 6, 2014.

Form 5472 Proposed Regulation (REG-114942-14)

On the same date as the final regulation was issued, the IRS concurrently issued proposed regulation (REG-114942-14). At issue was a provision (Treas. Reg. Section 1.6038A-2(e)), allowing for timely filing of Form 5472 separately from an income tax return that is untimely filed.

Because of the significant penalties involved for failing to file a timely and accurate Form 5472 (as noted in the proposed regulation and subject to reasonable cause exception, “an initial penalty of $10,000 (with possible additional penalties for continued failure) shall be assessed for each taxable year and for each related party with respect to which the failure occurs”), this process could be utilized by filers in such circumstances.

However, the IRS stated in the proposed regulation that, “with the benefit of experience”, it determined that the untimely-filed return provision was not conducive to efficient tax administration and that filing Form 5472 should not differ significantly from the methods and penalties applicable to similar information returns, such as Form 5471, (“Information Return of U.S. Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Corporations”) and Form 8865 (“Return of U.S. Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Partnerships”). As noted in the proposed regulation, “those forms must be filed with the filer’s income tax return for the taxable year by the due date (including extensions) of the return, and there is no provision equivalent to the untimely filed return provision under § 1.6038A-2T(e) of the 2011 temporary regulations that would require or permit separate filing of those forms. See §§ 1.6038-2(i) and 1.6038-3(i)(1). Accordingly, it is proposed that the untimely-filed return provision contained in § 1.6038A-2(e) be removed.”

Contact Sherayzen Law Office for Help With Form 5472 Compliance

If you have any questions regarding the filing of your Form 5472 or you just need complex tax planning for cross-border business entities, please contact our experienced international tax team at Sherayzen Law Office, Ltd.

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